Identifying Burns

First degree (Superficial)

This type of burn is most commonly caused by overexposure to the sun. Only the outer layer of skin (epidermis) is burned. The skin is red, dry and painful to touch. There may be some swelling at the burn site.

Second degree (Partial thickness)

Both the outer layers (epidermis and dermis) are burned. This is most easily identified by blistering that may be weeping. The burn site will be red, moist, swollen and painful.

Third degree (Full thickness)

Both layers of skin and the subcutaneous tissue such as muscles, bones and nerves are burned. The burn has a charred appearance, black, brown or white and waxy. This injury can be either painful or not painful initially depending on nerve ending damage.

So what is the best treatments for these burns?

This is covered in one of the many subjects of a Medilife first aid training course.

Book into one of our public courses today! See courses here.

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