CPR is a vital first aid skill. In fact it’s the reason many people decide to take a first aid course. The skills that you develop as you learn CPR can help save a life.
When that life is very small, the right skills become even more vital!
Do you remember the adjustments you need to make to perform CPR on an infant?
The Two finger Technique
With infants, the two finger technique should be used by first aiders to minimise the transfer time from compression to rescue breath.
Draw an imaginary line between the infant’s nipples. In the middle of this line is your compression point. Place two fingers on this point and compress the chest.
A compression depth of ⅓ applies to all age groups, including infants, however care should be taken to apply only just enough pressure to achieve the correct depth.
Support the Infants jaw while keeping the head in a neutral position
Unlike with adults, the head position for infants is neutral. This means the natural position for the infant when lying on their back.
Do not attempt to tilt the head at all! Extended tilting of the head and neck in an infant may result in the airway becoming “kinked”. If this happens it has the affect of blocking the airway.
Administering Rescue Breaths
Make a seal of the mouth and nose of the infant and gently exhale
When you are about to administer rescue breaths you will need to support the lower jaw. Do this by gently supporting the top of the head with one hand and then supporting the point of the jaw with your other hand. You should be keeping the mouth open as you hold the jaw.
When administering the breaths, place your mouth over the nose and mouth of the infant to ensure a proper seal. Gently exhale. Remember the infants lungs are very small. This means that you need to be careful not to ever inflate the lungs. A small puff of air is all that is needed.