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For more information on courseHLTAID003 Provide first aid click here
For more information on courseHLTAID003 Provide first aid click here
Elvis Presley, Stephen King, Serena Williams, and Princess Margaret are just some of the famous people who have suffered from migraines.
There are more than three million migraine sufferers in Australia, meaning that more people suffer from migraine in Australia than diabetes, asthma, or coronary heart disease. It is thought that more women suffer migraine than men due to hormonal factors. Onset of migraine is from childhood onwards but most commonly in the 20s and 30s.
A migraine headache has different symptoms from other types of headache. Migraine symptoms can include:
Susceptibility to migraine is normally inherited. Certain parts of the brain employing monoamines, such as serotonin and noradrenaline, appear to be in a hypersensitive state, reacting promptly and excessively to stimuli such as emotion, bombardment with sensory impulses, or any sudden change in the internal or external environment. If the brainstem systems controlling the cerebral cortex become active, the brain starts to shut down, a process starting at the back of the brain in the visual cortex and working slowly forward. The pain nucleus of the trigeminal nerve becomes spontaneously active; pain is felt in the head or upper neck and blood flow in the face and scalp increases reflexly. Noradrenaline is released from the adrenal gland and causes the platelets to release serotonin.
Want more information about the pathophysiology of migraines? Click here..
No one really knows what causes migraine, however attacks are almost certainly triggered by a combination of factors, such as:
Nearly all people who suffer from migraines report a reduction in social activities and work capacity.
There is no cure for migraine and prevention is difficult, but treatments can help reduce the number of attacks. Migraines vary greatly from person to person and so does the treatment. If you feel you suffer from migraines it is important to consult your health care professional to discuss treatment options.
The four treatment options available to migraine sufferers include:
What is the spinal cord?
The adult spinal cord is about 50 centimetres long and extends from the base of the brain to about the waist. It is the major bundle of nerves that carry messages between the brain and the rest of the body. The spinal cord lies within vertebrae. These rings of bones are together called the spinal column or back bone.
What is SCI?
Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of function such as mobility or feeling.
The spinal cord does not have to be severed in order for a loss of functioning to occur. In fact, in most people with spinal cord injury, the spinal cord is intact, but the damage due to compression or bruising to it results in loss of functioning.
Can function be restored after an SCI injury?
At the time of an injury, the spinal cord swells. As this swelling reduces, some function may return. This can take up to 18 months after the injury. However, only a very small fraction of people with a spinal cord injury recover all function.
A few SCI statistics
Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:
What to do if you suspect SCI?
In the case of an unconscious casualty, falls, motorbike and car accidents it is safest to assume the potential for SCI.
First Aid Training
If you are not prepared to perform first aid in case of an emergency, please book into a refresher course today. First aid is all about remembering your DRSABCD, being confident and competent. You will then be in a position to minimise injury and potentially save a life.
Information sources:scia.org.au, spinalinjuryalliance.com.au, sciaw.com.au, healthywa.wa.gov.au
These are 5 common injuries that occur in the gym or whilst exercising and how we can lower our risk. Who would have thought our day job could be the culprit of increasing our risk of injury.
FOOT AND ANKLE
People spend their days in front of their computer with rounded shoulders. When your shoulders are rounded and you stand up, your weight falls to the front of your foot. Take that misplaced centre of gravity and put it into running shoes, which naturally tip you forward with a heel higher than the toe, and your feet and ankles start to bear the brunt of any impact. Chose the right shoe, go for a cross trainer instead of a running shoe.
Sitting at a desk, we don’t use our hip muscles. Then we decide to go kick box or do bootcamp The result is injury to the . . . knee? If our feet aren’t stable, due to improper footwear, and our hip muscles aren’t strong, the knee gets all the stress. A better exercise would be lunges. With a lunge your hip and ankle are bending together, stabilising and strengthening the knee.
If someone has rounded posture throughout the day in their upper back, and then they go to the gym and do an overhead shoulder lift standing, their upper back cannot extend properly. They straighten and arch upward from their lower back, which has a nervous breakdown because it’s getting all the stress. Remember to stretch and strengthen your upper back to compensate for all that hunching you do at the office and whenever you can, exercise standing up which engages bigger muscle groups.
That carpal tunnel you’re complaining about 9-5 could contribute to a gym injury after-hours. Your arms have to internally rotate when you type, which puts pressure on the shoulders. Then you go to the gym and do chest press, shoulder press, pushups, all also with your arms rotated in resulting in an overuse injury of the rotator cuff. Instead try exercises that externally rotate your arms to balance your shoulders, and a great way to do that is by rowing with cables.
A strained tense neck at work due to workstation strain can lead to a lack of mobility and injury. Avoid putting additional stress on your neck with exercises that cause you to raise your arms over your head.
Information source: menshealth.com, webmd
Wood smoke is a complex mix of chemicals and particles, smoke is made up of coarse and fine particles. Particles are tiny solid and liquid substances that can float in the air. Many particles are invisible. Coarse particles can include soot, dust and pollen. When breathed in these particles settle in the lungs and narrow airways.
Fine dust particles, such as smoke, are more likely to settle more deeply into the lungs while ultra fine particles can be absorbed into the blood stream. The majority of the particles in wood smoke are fine particles, which are linked to the most harmful health effects.
Long term effects
Before you throw away the marshmallows, there are steps you can take to decrease the health effects.
Building a fire
Wood heaters and fireplaces
Do you know how to manage an asthma attack, what would you do if a loved one was showing respiratory distress?
Keep your first aid and resuscitation skills up to date! Book into a public course here.
Information Source: healthywa.wa.gov.au
Not the things you really need, people can say from experience. Panic stations is not a time to be thinking about packing a go bag. The following is a list of suggested items to pack.
Suggested Content List:
Prepare certified copies of important documents and having them packed safely in a sealed waterproof sleeve. Alternately you can get electronic copies of these documents and your family pictures and store them on a USB. Store correctly in sealed bag to protect. Remember you can only access a USB with a computer or device and power.
Make copies of important paperwork such as:
– drivers license, medicare card, marriage certificates, birth certificates, insurances, property deeds, banking details, current medications & treatments, proof of residence, insurance policies, and tax records.
Information sources: nrdc.org, wikihow, nyc.gov
The materials and substances used commonly in workplaces and homes are designed and manufactured all around the world. All around the world we have a huge variety of languages and workplace safety standards. Hence the need for GHS.
The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is a single internationally agreed system of chemical classification and hazard communication through labelling and Safety Data Sheets (SDS). The GHS was developed by the United Nations and is being progressively implemented in many countries internationally. It includes harmonised criteria for the classification of:
It is expected that the GHS will provide trade benefits to industry as well as improved health and safety outcomes through use of internationally consistent hazard communication elements.
Even workplaces in states that have not adopted the model WHS legislation will still be affected by the introduction of the GHS. Commonwealth persons conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU) will need to ensure that all hazardous chemical labels and SDS are in the new GHS format by 1 January 2017.
For more information about GHS, material labelling codes of practice click here..
Information source: comcare
What is PPP and how can you maintain it in your workplace?
Prevent – Preventing an accident or incident is the best option
Prepare – Training can minimise injury in the event of an emergency
Perform – Fully confident to provide assistance in an emergency
Often neglected, a quick glance in the kits direction is not enough. Prepare your workplace and ensure your first aid kits are up to code for your workplace, that includes vehicle kits. You need to check: contents, expiry dates, open packages, kit location, signage and staff accessibility. You can purchase code of practice refill modules or complete kits online here..
Review your workplace first aid, fire, emergency and evacuation plans and policies. The workplace is a dynamic and evolving environment. By reviewing and then performing an evacuation drill you ensure procedures are working smoothly and that every person onsite is trained in workplace procedures. Your staff will then be prepared and confident to perform.
A first aid kit is only going to be of maximum benefit if you have staff that are familiar with its location, contents and trained in the most up to date first aid training. Prepare your staff by booking into courses here..
Encourage your staff to make suggestions as to safer work practices and keep an open means of communication for safety concerns. Provide incentives for safe work practices. This can help to prevent accidents and potentially life threatening incidents in the workplace.